You are here

Research Proposals - References

List of References

If a list of references is to be included, it is placed at the end of the text. This section typically is not counted in the page limitation of the Research Description.

In the text, references to the list can be made in various ways; a simple way is to use a raised number at the appropriate place, like this.1 Such numbers should be placed outside any contiguous marks of punctuation. If you have space, you might consider the American Psychological Association style because the reader does not have to refer to the reference list to see authors and data of publication, e.g., (Wiseguy, 2014).

The style of the bibliographical item itself depends on the disciplinary field. The main consideration is consistency; whatever style is chosen should be followed scrupulously throughout. In most cases in bibliography, you will not use “et al” but will include full names of authors.

Remember, NSF applications need to include specific activities in response to their criterion of Broader Impacts in several sections (Summary, Recent NSF Support, Project Description). 


Next: Institutional Resources

Updated in 2014 by Christine Black.
Originally produced by Don Thackrey.


Did you find what you were looking for? Please let us know at: