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It is the goal of the University of Michigan to recover full costs of each sponsored project where permitted by the sponsor's policies.
Full costs are those that can reasonably be associated with and allocated to a particular project. They include costs that are generally treated as direct (costs that can be readily and specifically identified with a particular sponsored project relatively easily with a high degree of accuracy) and indirect (costs that are incurred for common or joint objectives and, therefore, cannot be identified readily and specifically with a particular sponsored project).
Calculating space for certain private sponsors
Space may be allowable as a direct cost for non-federal sponsors, depending on the sponsor requirements. (See section on space below.)
Federal sponsors and indirect costs
Charging rents (or space or square footage) on federal budgets is not allowed as an indirect/F&A cost (per Uniform Guidance and per former A-21)
For sponsored projects supported by the federal government, the Uniform Guidance §§ 200.413 and 200.414 (formerly circular A-21) prescribe the allowability of certain costs and the assignment of those allowable costs as direct or indirect. With certain limitations, 2 CFR §200.413 is intended to enable U-M to recover full costs on projects sponsored by federal agencies. (For indirect costs, the Uniform Guidance uses the term "Facilities and Administrative" or "F&A" costs.)
Periodically, the Department of Health and Human Services (acting on behalf of the federal government) and the University negotiate an agreement setting forth indirect cost rates for three types of sponsored activities: organized research, instruction, and other sponsored activities. The agreement specifies the rates at which the University can recover its indirect costs associated with projects sponsored by all agencies of the federal government.
Non-federal sponsors and indirect costs
Charging rents or space or square footage may be allowable for non-federal sponsors, and could be helpful in recovering full costs on a project.
Non-federal sponsors (i.e., private sponsors, whether industry or non-profit) are not bound by the terms of UG monitored costs and are not necessarily guided by the principle of full cost recovery for the University. In particular, many private sponsors do not reimburse U-M for its indirect costs; they prescribe indirect cost rates considerably lower than those set forth in the rate agreement with the federal government (55.0% for organized research in FY2016).
In some instances these lower indirect cost rates are linked to a funding agency's operating philosophy of partnering with the University in developing new programs. In the majority of cases, however, it is simply an administrative decision on the part of the sponsor not to honor the University's established indirect cost rate agreement.
For a sponsored project that (1) is funded by a non-federal agency (with non-federal funds), and (2) does not include indirect cost recovery at the prevailing federal or industry rates, it is permissible to recover through direct charges, costs that can be attributed to that project, but that otherwise typically are treated as indirect. In all cases, the services or items being charged must be allowable under University policy, must be associated with that specific project, and their costs must be proportionate to the level of their use on that project. Examples include: clerical and administrative salaries; space/facilities; nroutine postage; telephone line rental; memberships; subscriptions; and local area network expenses.
The opportunity to directly recover space/facilities costs may be possible if the following specifics apply:
- The source of funding is non-federal.
- The charge has explicit approval from the sponsoring agency.
- The charge reflects the amount of space used and is pro-rated for the time period over which the space will be used.
- The charge is based on the current rate per net assignable square foot per year. The current rate is $73.30 per net assignable square foot per year, as defined as "Total facilities costs allocated to research (less libraries) / total research space.")
Sponsored Programs will charge the project manually via journal entry.
Though not a requirement, ORSP encourages that budgets also recover the administrative component (26%) and the library component (1.8%) of the IDC rate.
Important Space Survey Note
If space is charged directly to a sponsor, the percentage of the room devoted to the project being charged must be added as "room use function code 1102" in the annual U-M space survey. This will ensure that the space gets excluded from the research IDC rate.