You are here

A-Z Index and Glossary

2 | 7 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X
  • PAF (Proposal Approval Form)

    Proposal Approval Form (PAF).

    The PAF is a summary of information about the project that is used for internal review and approval and data management. It contains proposal information that must be routed via the U-M eResearch Proposal Management system and signed by university officials.

  • PAN - Project Award Notice (legacy term)

    A Project Award Notice (PAN) was the document name used for an award notice in a legacy process of managing awards. It was not a substitution of the award, but simply a document acknowledging that the award was coming. This term was used at the University of Michigan for many years, even back in the “paper” system that preceded the 2008 launch of the eResearch Proposal Management (eRPM) system.

    The PANs associated with legacy PAFs (those closed out before the August 20, 2018, Award Management launch) can be viewed under Manage Data > View All Award Notices on the PAF workspace in eRPM.

    Learn more about how  Awards work at the University of Michigan.

  • Parallel Proposals

    When a proposal is submitted to more than one sponsor with the understanding that funding would be accepted from only one sponsor.

  • Parent Account

    The main Project/Grant (P/G) to which Sub P/G's are subsidiary.

    Also see: 


  • PBSR

    Project Budget Status Report

  • PD

    Project Director


    PEERRSProgram for Education and Evaluation in Responsible Research and Scholarship, is the university's online resource providing regulatory and responsible conduct of research (RCR) training courses for employees and students.

  • PHI

    Protected Health Information


    Public Health Service/National Institutes of Health

  • Pilot Grant (Seed Grant)

    A small project that is generally funded through internal sources to help develop a project to the point where external funding can be obtained. See U-M Faculty Grants & Awards.

  • PMS

    Payment Management System

  • PMS

    Payment Management System

  • PO

    Purchase Order

  • Post Award Change

    For post-award changes the Award Change Request is required. Using eRPM, thisis to be used by Principal Investigators (PIs) and Project Teams to submit requests for changes to active, funded projects. Sometimes ORSP may have the authority to approve the requested change; other times, prior sponsor approval is necessary before ORSP can process the change. Therefore, this form must be submitted to ORSP early enough to allow time for administrative processing and, when applicable, early enough to secure the sponsor's approval in advance of the requested change.

    Back to the Top

  • Post-Submission / Pre-Award

    In the research lifecycle there is a period after you have Routed and Submitted your proposal, and before it's been awarded, that you additional steps are needed. We refer to this as the Post-Submission / Pre-Award and associate it with Setup Project in the Project Lifecycle.

  • PR

    Project Representative

  • PRD

    Presidential Review Directive

  • Pre-Proposal

    A preliminary project description submitted to a sponsor; the sponsor selects some pre-proposals for submission of full proposals. Note: the eResearch system will ask whether you are preparing a preproposal (PRE) or a full proposal (PAF). Please select carefully. They cannot be switched later. The numbering and routing are different. For guidance on when to PRE vs PAF, see the Standard Operating Procedure 100.1.

  • Principal Investigator (PI) Responsibilities

    Back to the Top
  • Principal Investigator and Sponsor Principal Investigator

    The Principal Investigator (PI) or Project Director (PD), Participating Investigators, Senior/Key personnel (as identified by the institution in a proposal or sponsor report), and any other individual identified by the PI/PD as responsible for the design, conduct, or reporting of the research (i.e., not simply working on or engaged in the project). This includes administrative and programmatic aspect sof a project.

    There is also a Sponsor PI.  If an employee or student of the University of Michigan does meet the eligibility requirements for the sponsor but not for the requirements of U-M, they are named on applications as Sponsor PI (e.g., students or fellows). See: Definition of Principal Investigator